Sunday, April 7, 2013

Bangladesh: Islam Rising

By Elizabeth Kendal

On Saturday 6 April 2013, hundreds of thousands of Islamists from across Bangladesh joined forces in a "long march" to Dhaka demanding that blasphemy laws be enacted and that bloggers who defame Islam be hung.

The march was organised by Hefajat-e-Islam (HeI), an offshoot of Jama'at-e-Islami.
Photo: Gulf Times

Video footage by Al Jazeera, 6 April 2013
Bangladesh protesters demand blasphemy law (1) & (2) 

Video footage by euronews, 6 April 2013
Secularists and Islamists clash at Bangladesh blasphemy protest

Hefajat-e-Islam has given the government until 30 April to accept their 13-point demand.  Hefajat-e-Islam leader Shah Ahmad Shafi warned: "If the demands are not met, the movement will be getting from tough to tougher. The consequence of the anti-Islamic government will be horrible."

He urged devout Muslims to get ready to embrace martyrdom to stop the "anti-Islamic" Shahbag [pro-secular] movement.

BANGLADESH: Dangerous Chaos Looms
Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin (RLPB) 204
3 April 2013

Bangladesh: Islam Rising

Timeline with links and recommended articles

2010: The Awami League-led government establishes the International Crimes Tribunal (a domestic court) to try 'Razakars' -- i.e. those accused of collaborating with Pakistan in war crimes during Bangladesh's 1971 war of independence. The court is established to honour an election promise made by the quasi-secular Awami League in the run up to the 2008 elections.

January 2013: Trials commence amidst widespread concerns about lack of due process and politicisation.

International barrister Toby Cadman elaborates: "The government rejected suggestions from the international community of the necessity for transparency, strict adherence to legal precedent and involvement of unbiased outsiders. The government wrote its own rules. Charges were brought against 11 suspects out of an estimated total of 1,600. Each defendant held leadership roles in the opposition party Jamaat-e-Islami. . . Without Jamaat's votes, BNP [the opposition] is unlikely to regain power. . .

"I do not believe that there can be justice under the current tribunal, which is at best suspect, at worst a tool of a government looking to execute politicians for electoral gain."

Recommended reading: Bangladesh on the Brink
By Toby M. Cadman (barrister), Special to CNN,13 March 2013  

5 February 2013: Jama'at-e-Islami party assistant secretary General Abdul Qader Molla (a.k.a. the "Butcher of Mirpur") is sentenced to life imprisonment. Pro-secular forces led by bloggers and student activists protest the court's "leniency". Taking up residency in Dhaka's Shahbag Square, they demand sentences of death by hanging with no right of appeal. Subsequently the protests become known as the Shahbag protests.

NOTE: While the protests have been peaceful, the protestors are baying for blood and seem disinterested in due process.

Shahbag Protests: official website - PHOTOS

Recommended reading:
Unraveling Bangladesh’s ICT and the Shahbag Protests: Injustice in the Making
Georgetown, 25 March 2013

With the protests growing, the government -- the Awami League-led 14-party Grand Alliance -- interfers in the legal process, amending the law so that those convicted will not have any right of appeal while the government will have the right to appeal the court's rulings. The government replaces the chief judge and orders the court to consider the will of the people when making its rulings. 

Islamists accuse the protestors of being anti-Islamic and deserving of death for defaming Islam. They accuse the government of protecting blasphemers.

15 Feb 2013: "Atheist blogger" Ahmed Rajib Haider calls for a boycott of Jama'a-e-Islami affiliated institutions and businesses. Within hours he is dead -- hacked to death.

28 Feb 2013: Delwar Hossain Sayedee, a prominent member of the Jama'at-e-Islami party, is sentenced to death. Shahbag Square erupts in jubilation!

Islamic riots erupt. Deadly violence escalates -- minorities targeted.

See also: Anti-Hindu attacks rock Bangladesh
By Swadesh Roy, Asia Times online, 28 March 2013
Quote: The Jammat and BNP are now playing the minority card very tactfully, with the main goal of teaching Hindus that they are not safe in Bangladesh even [if] Awami league holds power. And that if the Jammat-BNP takes the reins, it would be better for them to leave.

''We will kill all the Malauns (they called the Hindus as Malauns [infidel]) and Bangladesh will be 'Banglastan' [Muslim only] like Pakistan,'' read a post of the website Basserkella, which is run by Jammat and their student organization Shibir.

Islamists threaten a national strike, declaring they will march on Dhaka on 6 April if bloggers who defame Islam are not prosecuted.

See also: Seeking war crimes justice, Bangladesh protesters fight 'anti-Islam' label
By Elizabeth Yuan and Farid Ahmed, CNN
1 March 2013
Bangladesh political crisis deepens
By Syed Tashfin Chowdhury
Asia Times online, 14 March 2013

13 March: To appease Islamists the Awami League-led government betrays its own pro-secular supporters and establishes a panel to investigate and punish bloggers who defame Islam. Mainuddin Khandaker, the senior home ministry official appointed to head the panel declared: "We will try our best to dig out what’s actually happening and find out the people who're making blasphemous comments against Islam and the Prophet."

Two popular blogs deemed "blasphemous" are immediately removed as authorities attempt "to ensure religious harmony".

Friday 29 March: Tens of thousands of Islamists fill the streets of Dhaka to pray. They demand the enactment of blasphemy laws; the arrest of bloggers who defame Islam; that laws be passed to punish MPs who defame Islam in the parliament. They also call for the restoration of the caretaker government, vowing to lay siege to the office of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina if their demands are not met. 

31 March: Islamists present panel head Mainuddin Khandaker with a list of around 34 "atheist" bloggers they accuse of spreading defamation and propaganda against Islam,  proposing the accused should first be given an opportunity to "repent" of their "sins" before being sued.  

PM Sheikh Hasina pledges to punish defamation of Islam.

1 April: Bloggers Subrata Adhikary Shuvo (24), Russell Parvez (36), and Mashiur Rahman Biplob (42) are arrested for blogging that the government was being biased toward Islamist views and ideologies when the country is supposed to be secular. After being paraded in handcuffs before the media, the three are remanded to custody for questioning.

3 April: Home Minister M.K. Alamgir confirms the government has a list of seven more "atheist bloggers" who will soon be arrested.

4 April: Popular blogger Asif Mohiuddin (29) -- who was serious injured on 14 January when he was stabbed in an Islamist attack -- is arrested and remanded to custody for three days to enable police to question him.   According to a police spokesman: "(Blogger) Asif Mohiuddin has been arrested on charges of hurting religious sentiment through his writings on blogs and Facebook."

As Bangladesh has no law against blasphemy or defaming Islam, those arrested are being charged with infringing the Information and Communication Technology Act of 2006. If found guilty, they face up to 10 years in prison and a fine of 10 million taka (about 100 thousand euro). (AsiaNews)

Clearly the government is doing everything in its means to appease the Islamists. But of course, it will never be enough. Indeed, despite the arrests, Hefajat-e-Islam's "long march" to Dhaka goes ahead with the marchers calling for death penalties.

Meanwhile the Shahbag protestors are not giving in -- for they know what they have to lose. 

On the evening of 5 April, the anti-Islamists come out in force in response to a call for 24-hour shutdown of Dhaka. Holding torches aloft, they started blocking the streets.

6 April: The Islamists defy the shutdown and proceed on theri "long march", forcing police to work overtime to keep the Islamist and secularist forces separated. 

Two people were killed however. Times of India reports (7 April): "Two people were killed as Bangladesh's radical religious group Hefajat-e-Islam (HeI) activists clashed with anti-fundamentalist Shahbag protesters in Dhaka on Saturday [6 April]. . .  The slain included a ruling Awami League leader, who was killed in Faridpur. An anti-fundamentalist activist was killed in Dhaka."

A.W. Khan, who worked in Bangladesh for the International Crisis Group for a year and a half, told Emran Hossain of Huffington Post (3 April 2013) that he was not at all surprised at government's crackdown on bloggers, given its growing willingness to go along with the Islamists' agenda for political gain.

"These are uncharted waters for Bangladesh," said Khan. "Principally because this is the first time in its 42 year history that a popular non-political movement and Islamists have so heavily influenced the country's political climate. This has overturned the dominance of the three main players in Bangladeshi politics: the governing Awami League, the main opposition BNP [Bangladesh Nationalist Party] and the military."

With Bangladesh polarising and both sides demanding death to the other, the stage is being set for a bloody confrontation.  With Islam rising and both sides of politics advancing Islamisation, the future of Bangladesh as a secular state hangs in the balance.

Toby Cadman concludes his analysis with this dire warning: "Bangladesh is descending into sectarian conflict every bit as serious as its competitors for attention . . . Failure to find a resolution could see the country descend into civil war."


Elizabeth Kendal is the author of
Turn Back the Battle: Isaiah Speaks to Christians Today
(Deror Books, Dec 2012)